E. SET YOUR GOALS
F. DON'T BE DISCOURAGED BY LACK OF PROGRESS
G. STUDY AS LONG AS YOU'VE LEARNT EVERYTHING
H. MISTAKES ARE UNAVOIDABLE
A. FOCUS ON YOUR INTERESTS
B. BUILD SOLID FOUNDATIONS
C. HAVE FUN
D. REVISE ON REGULAR BASIS
Zadanie 1. (7 pkt)
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Np.: focus on sth - concentrate on sth - pay close attention to sth - skoncentrować się na czymś
Go over each lesson several times, perhaps once in the morning, once in the evening and once several days later. Give your brain time to digest the material, but make sure the gaps between periods of study are not too long, i.e. more than a few weeks, or you will forget most of what you're trying to learn. Make sure you have got to grips with the contents of one lesson before moving on to the next.
Make sure you are comfortable with the fundamentals of the language before tackling the more advanced stuff. It will take you a while to get used to the pronunciation and orthography of a new language, but without a solid understanding of these, you'll find it very difficult to learn more.
Setting reasonable targets is a good way to motivate yourself. You could set yourself a time limit or aim for a certain level of proficiency.
Once you have got to grips with the basics of the language, learn to talk, write, read about the things that interest you. In this way you are more likely to remember to the words, phrases and grammatical constructions you encounter.
You will find that at times you are improving fairly quickly, while at other times you seem to standing still or even going backwards. This is normal when learning a language, so don't give up. If you feel like you are making little or no progress, try going over earlier lessons, exercises to see if they're easier now than when you first tried them.
The nature of learning foreign languages involves mistakes.You probably make the occasional mistake when speaking your native language, so making mistakes in a foreign language is nothing to worry about. What matters is getting your message across, not whether you use all the right words, inflexions, tenses, cases, etc. If you cannot think of the exact words, try using other ones. For example, say you were talking about your office and didn't know the word for photocopier - you could try describing its function: "a machine for making copies" instead. You could also try drawing pictures and/or miming if you can't think of the words.
Have a great time while reading. You can involve games, songs, stories, tongue twisters, jokes and anything else you can think of.
Adapted from www.omniglot.com